The neurotransmitter noradrenaline selectively modulates metacognition, the conscious insight into one's performance, but does not alter perceptual decision making, revealing that different neuromodulators affect different stages of a decision making process.
Mass spectrometry on plasma from patients with typhoid fever and other febrile disease identified and validated 24 metabolites that can distinguish typhoid from other febrile diseases, providing a new approach for typhoid diagnostics.
Building on previous work (Doroquez et al., 2014), it is shown that the centriole core of the basal body degenerates, but the outer wall remodels to template the ciliary axoneme in a subset of C. elegans ciliated sensory neurons.
Building on previous work (Felch et al., 2016), it is shown that inverse effectiveness, a central property of multisensory integration, in the optic tectum is mediated by the activation of NMDA-type glutamate receptors, resulting in a response greater than the sum of responses to each individual sensory modality.
Building on previous work (Metzen et al., 2016), a combination of neurophysiological and behavioral approaches reveals that changes in the background strongly impacts invariant coding and perception of behaviourally relevant signals.
Building on previous work (Syrjänen, Pellegrini, & Davies, 2014), it is shown that SYCP3 contributes to the architecture of meiotic chromosomes through local bridging interactions that result in large-scale compaction of the chromosome axis.
Building on previous work (Fung et al., 2015), the structures of eight new nuclear export signal (NES) peptides bound to Exportin CRM1 are reported, revealing striking diversity in NES structures, a small conserved secondary structural element, and a CRM1 residue that functions as a selectivity filter.